©Fernando Caracena 2017
The field concept has been applied outside of physics in other areas of study such as, biology and psychology. In physics a field is defined as some kind of variable potential energy presence in space that under the appropriate condition, manifests itself as a force on some material, test object. Fields in physics are described by mathematical functions of time and spatial coordinates. In other areas, the fields used are not distributions in time and space, but are rather non-local influences that operate in some other domain that is not limited by time and space. An example of these kind of fields would be psychologist Carl Jung's Archetypes, in which an influence of a whole area of human thought and behaviour is hypothesized by some authors, as operating unconsciously from the archetype to the individual mind. Another example is the use of the concept under the name of "spheres" in Emanuel Swedenborg's writings. In some cases such as savant syndrome, some authors such as Joseph Chilton Pearce, think that the archetype acts as a field effect that influences the conscious mind directly, therefore manifesting astonishing skills in otherwise ordinary, or even mentally challenged individuals.
Some disputed anomalies, such as the "Hundredth Monkey" effect would fall into the category of field effects in biology. There is strong scepticism for such effects among spokesmen for mainstream science. There is a clear orthodoxy in science that prefers a reductionist explanations of things. Such effects as the hundredth-monkey will be hotly disputed by both logic and illogic. There is similar story about sheep learning to cross cattle guards, first in Australia and later spreading to the rest of the world. Another story involves the crystallization of glycerine that was first observed historically and thereafter spread throughout the world, and which is challenged by some scientists. There is another story of tin objects turning to dust at cold temperatures, an effect that has been called "tin pest." I heard, but cannot verify with an Internet search, that tin pest was first observed during Napoleon's Winter campaign in Russia when the tin buttons on his soldiers uniforms turned to dust. Like the hundredth monkey effect, supposedly this was the first crystallization of tin, which afterwards learned to crystallize in this new form.
Rupert Sheldrake—The Science Delusion Recovering the Sacred
Materialist philosophy—absorbed by osmosis
All reality is material or physical
the world is inanimate, a machine
nature is purposeless
as is evolution
consciousness=activity of the brain
God is but an idea in that brain